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About HI

People holding an inflatable globe

About HI

The International Youth Hostel Federation is an international, nonprofit, non-governmental organization that manages and supports HI network hostels to take advantage of the initiative of the Youth Hostel founder, Dr. Richard Surman, to help young people around the world travel at affordable prices.

It is an international NGO registered in UNWTO and UNESCO. It was founded in 1909 and is a travel-related international civil organization with a tradition of more than 100 years in 2016. Headquartered in the UK.

Hostelling International is a non-profit, private NGO registered with the UNWTO and UNESCO as an international NGO for travel, culture, environment, peace and youth, with 4,000 member facilities and 4 million paid members in 90 countries. With over 4,000 hostels around the world, HI marks the HI brand in terms of convenience, safety, and eco-friendliness, so that travelers can trust and use them.


Provide young people with opportunities for learning through travel to young people from all countries, not just certain young people, and encourage young people to respect the preservation of knowledge as well as environmental protection and cultural values ​​around the world.

We also provide hostels or other accommodation to young people around the world to enhance their understanding of various cultures regardless of race, ethnicity, color, religion, gender, position, or political orientation.

(International Youth Hostel Federation Charter 4)



The founder of the youth hostel movement was Richard Schirrmann, a teacher from Germany. He was a firm believer in learning by direct observation and often took his classes on excursions and hiking trips. The hiking trips could last several days, and Richard and his pupils would find accommodation in farm buildings.

On one of these excursions, on 26 August 1909, the group was caught in a thunderstorm. They finally found shelter in a school building in the Bröl Valley. The headmaster let them use a classroom and a farmer gave them some straw to sleep on and some milk for their evening meal. The storm raged the whole night. While the boys slept, Richard lay awake. It was in this moment that he had the idea of using schools in Germany to provide accommodation during the school holidays.

Richard Schirrmann

Richard Schirrmann

In 1910 Richard wrote an essay setting out his ideas for “Volksschülerherbergen” (hostels for pupils of ordinary state schools), he wrote,  “Two classrooms will suffice, one for boys and one for girls. Some desks can be stacked away thus freeing space to put down 15 beds. Each bed will consist of a tightly stuffed straw sack and pillow, two sheets and a blanket. Each child will be required to keep his own sleeping place clean and tidy.”

This was a very modest start for what was soon to be a worldwide youth hostel movement.


Richard sets up the first youth hostel in his own school in Altena, Westphalia. Soon after this it is replaced by a permanent hostel in Altena Castle. The castle was restored and equipped according to Richard’s design, with two dormitories with massive triple-tier wooden bunk beds, a kitchen, wash-rooms and a shower bath.


Altena Castle ©Erik


The youth hostel movement grew rapidly. In 1919 Richard founded the German Youth Hostel Association.


In 1921 the number of overnight stays reached an impressive 500,000.


By the summer of 1931 there were 12 youth hostel associations in existence in Europe, operating a total of 2,600 hostels, but there was very little contact between the associations. This all changed on 20 October 1932 when the first international conference was held at a hotel in Amsterdam. It was attended by representatives from 11 hostel associations: Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, England and Wales, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Switzerland. Together they formed The International Youth Hostel Federation (IYHF) and Richard was appointed president.

Richard at first IYHA meeting


Richard is forced to resign by the German government.


After World War II Richard worked on the rebuilding of the German association.


Richard received the Bundesverdienstkreuz (Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany).


The IYHF operates as HI.


Today we are one of the world’s largest international membership organisations with more than 3.7 million members and offer many benefits in addition to staying in HI hostels. When you want to stay in a hostel, we try to make sure you get the best experience possible. For us it’s not just about having a place to stay, it’s about you experiencing all that hostelling has to offer – whether that’s learning about new cultures, meeting new people or discovering yourself. We try to achieve this by working with our Youth Hostel Associations to ensure that hostelling is open to everyone (of any age), is affordable and that no matter which HI hostel you visit, you’ll get a great night’s sleep in a safe environment.